On Femen´s approach to feminism. An interesting read. This article was published on al-akhbar english website by Paola Salwan Daher and Joseph Daher.
Let us also be very clear on another point: Femen, or Amina in Tunisia, or Alia al-Mahdi in Egypt are not to be vilified for their use of nudity as a means to impact social change. Granted, this is a tactic that is debatable. Many feminists have used nudity in the past as a sign of reclaiming their own bodies from society.
Still, the truth remains that no activist that chooses to use nudity should ever be attacked or threatened. No activist. Ever. Under no circumstances. It is the duty of leftist movements to stand behind these women and offer support, regardless of our personal beliefs as to their tactics.
This being said, one of the (many) issues with Femen is their own essentialist and paternalistic brand of feminism. Let’s try and break down Femen’s rhetoric and actions:
First, Femen’s understanding, or lack thereof, of Middle East and North African societies , reveal their Islamophobic tendencies. According to them, all Arab and Muslim (they don’t seem to know the difference) men are “waiting behind their wives with knives;” all Arab women are submissive little lambs.
For a self-proclaimed feminist movement, Femen seems to forget that patriarchy is universal and is not the social fact of certain given societies. Femen is essentializing women just as reactionary groups do. Just like reactionary groups stereotype women from the MENA region, Femen does the same, simply applying another set of values and prejudices.
MENA women could use a little solidarity, that is, movements who take up their agendas and publicize them around the world. What they do not need is co-optation of their struggles to advance Femen’s image throughout the world.
If Femen were truly promoting solidarity, they’d let women in the region speak for themselves. What they’re doing, however, is imposing their brand of feminism.The words of Femen leader Inna Shevchenko perfectly illustrate the group’s total lack of respect for women. “They say they are against Femen, but we still say we are here for them. They write on their posters that they don’t need liberation but in their eyes it’s written ‘help me.’”Reading these words, one cannot help but wonder where Femen was during the Arab revolutions. Indeed, women in the MENA have played a leading role in the revolutionary processes in their countries.
To stand in solidarity with these women would have been to help deconstruct the myths and prejudices of Arab women in mainstream western media. Instead, Femen repeats clichés and strenghtens discrimination against them, further isolating them form public debate.
Femen is telling women from the MENA region what to feel and how to act, but isn’t that what patriarchy has been doing for millenia?
Apart from staging naked happenings, Femen doesn’t seem to have any kind of vision to rid the world of patriarchy. They also seem to have zero perspective on social justice. Where is their analysis of power relations between economic actors? Where is their will to change political and legal frameworks oppressing women? Without structural changes there can be little emancipation for women. Wearing a beard and announcing an “International Topless Jihad Day” is of little help.
Their only impact is to reinforce the legitimacy of reactionary currents by offending rather than meaningfully reaching out to women, thus making the job of feminists twice as hard.
Finally, let us ponder the “hot boobs” issue. Is looking like a model a prerequisite for joining Femen? Wasn’t feminism supposed to question traditional gender roles and by doing so, to question traditional standards of beauty?
Femen cannot present itself as a feminist, subversive, revolutionary movement. It is unfortunate that their actions continue to make the headlines, furthering a whole slew of stereotypes, while actual progressive agendas remain in the shadows. As feminists, our aim should be to lash out at all prejudices and all forms of oppression. Anything else, and we’re right in the middle of our struggles being co-opted.
Paola Salwan Daher is UN advocacy representative at the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, a writer, and a member of the feminist collective Nasawiya.
Joseph Daher is a political activist and assistant professor at the University of Lausanne and a SOAS PhD candidate. He runs the blog Syria Freedom Forever.